Friday, May 14, 2021

SAT, ACT, GRE Vocabulary - Worksheet #45

 

Idioms are words, phrases or expressions which are commonly used in everyday conversation.
Idiom Meaning
honeymoon is over To say that the honeymoon is over means that the initial period of friendship and cooperation between people, groups or organizations has ended. "He was elected only six months ago, but the honeymoon is already over"
beat around the bush This expression is used to tell someone to say what they have to say, clearly and directly, even if it is unpleasant. "Stop beating around the bush. Just tell me what has been decided!"
oldest trick in the book A well-known and much-used trick, which is still effective today, is called the oldest trick in the book. "He made a noise to attract my attention while his accomplice stole my wallet - the oldest trick in the book!"
blind alley If you go up a blind alley, you follow an ineffective course of action which leads nowhere or produces no results. "The suspect's 'revelations' lead the police up a blind alley"
bring someone to heel If you force someone to behave in a disciplined manner, you bring them to heel. "The boy had always behaved badly, but the new headmaster managed to bring him to heel"
come up in the world A person who has come up in the world is richer than before and has a higher social status. "My old school friend has bought an apartment overlooking Central Park. She has certainly come up in the world"
french leave If you leave an official or social event without notifying the person who invited you, you take French leave. "Is Bill coming back for the closing speech or has he taken French leave"
irons in the fire If you have a few, or many, irons in the fire, you are involved in several projects at the same time. "The travel agency is not his only venture - he's got more than one iron in the fire"

 

Some funny, some weird..
Word Meaning
Brouhaha An uproar or noisy response
Cantankerous Testy, grumpy
Snickersnee A long knife
Borborygmus Stomach rumbling
Lagopodous Like a rabbit's foot
Kerfuffle Nonsense, balderdash
Ranivorous Frog-eating

 

Today's Vocabulary Challenges

*** Answers will be in the next worksheet of this level ***

 

Match Synonyms

Match Antonyms

1 bequest A lenify 1: 1 amorphous A praise 1:
2 dissolution B cabalistic 2: 2 docile B dominant 2:
3 assuage C dissolving 3: 3 enervate C vitalize 3:
4 static D confounded 4: 4 benevolent D introvert 4:
5 indulgent E pietistic 5: 5 mellifluous E formed 5:
6 sanctimonious F motionless 6: 6 extrovert F stubborn 6:
7 bemused G legacy 7: 7 chagrin G horrible 7:
8 apotheosis H lenient 8: 8 exalt H stingy 8:
9 cryptic I saint 9: 9 subordinate I belittle 9:

 

Match Definitions

1 show, express or direct through movement A genteel 1:
2 showing utter resignation or hopelessness B avow 2:
3 being favorably inclined C willful 3:
4 an interruption in the intensity or amount of something D virulent 4:
5 habitually disposed to disobedience and opposition E indulgent 5:
6 admit openly and bluntly; make no bones about F deprecate 6:
7 express strong disapproval of; deplore G abject 7:
8 marked by refinement in taste and manners H hiatus 8:
9 extremely poisonous or injurious; producing venom I gesticulate 9:

 

Crossword Challenge
1 2 3 Across:
1: a belief that rejects the orthodox tenets of a religion(6)
4: requiring precise accuracy(8)
8: foul and run-down and repulsive(6)

Down:
2: a blood-red color(8)
3: reject with contempt(7)
5: a kind of literary or artistic work(5)
6: admit, make a clean breast of(7)
7: lack of agreement or harmony(6)
4 5
6 7
8

 

Recent Words Learned: supercilious, deprecate, incense, genteel, docile, bequest, bastion, patent, impetuous, indiscrete, indulgent, cadence, abject, petulant, enervate, maxim, reclusive, abstruse, gesticulate, animosity

Answer to Synonyms Matching in worksheet 44: 1:D 2:B 3:A 4:C 5:E
Answer to Antonyms Matching in worksheet 44: 1:C 2:B 3:D 4:A 5:E
Answer to Definitions Matching in worksheet 44: 1:A 2:D 3:C 4:B 5:E
Answer to Crossword in worksheet 44: Across: 4: docile, 5: permeate, 6: illicit, 8: acute Down: 1: ideology, 2: tenet, 3: hedonism, 5: pious, 7: clique

 

Thursday, May 13, 2021

SAT, ACT, GRE Vocabulary - Worksheet #44

 

New Words for Today:
Docile, Genteel, Incense, Deprecate, Supercilious

 

Docile (Adjective)

Type

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Adjective

1: willing to be taught or led or supervised or directed; "the docile masses of an enslaved nation" 2: ready and willing to be taught; "docile pupils eager for instruction"; "teachable youngsters" 3: easily handled or managed; "a gentle old horse, docile and obedient"

teachable, gentle

stubborn

 

Genteel (Adjective)

Type

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Adjective

1: marked by refinement in taste and manners; "cultivated speech"; "cultured Bostonians"; "cultured tastes"; "a genteel old lady"; "polite society"

civilized, civilised

 

Incense (Noun, Verb)

Type

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Noun

1: a substance that produces a fragrant odor when burned 2: the pleasing scent produced when incense is burned; "incense filled the room"

Verb

1: perfume especially with a censer 2: make furious

cense

 

Deprecate (Verb)

Type

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Verb

1: express strong disapproval of; deplore 2: belittle; "The teacher should not deprecate his student's efforts"

depreciate, vilipend

 

Supercilious (Adjective)

Type

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Adjective

1: having or showing arrogant superiority to and disdain of those one views as unworthy; "some economists are disdainful of their colleagues in other social disciplines"; "haughty aristocrats"; "his lordly manners were offensive"; "walked with a prideful swagger"; "very sniffy about breaches of etiquette"; "his mother eyed my clothes with a supercilious air"; "a more swaggering mood than usual"- W.L.Shirer 2: expressive of contempt; "curled his lip in a supercilious smile"; "spoke in a sneering jeering manner"; "makes many a sharp comparison but never a mean or snide one"

disdainful, haughty, lordly, prideful, sniffy, swaggering, sneering, snide

 

Today's Vocabulary Challenges

*** Answers will be in the next worksheet of this level ***

 

Match Synonyms

Match Antonyms

1 permeate A unpolished 1: 1 mellifluous A revocable 1:
2 maxim B axiom 2: 2 gauche B graceful 2:
3 gauche C citadel 3: 3 credence C horrible 3:
4 bastion D penetrate 4: 4 irrevocable D distrust 4:
5 belabor E belabour 5: 5 amorphous E formed 5:

 

Match Definitions

1 the quality of being crafty A guile 1:
2 pleasing to the ear B virulent 2:
3 marked by refinement in taste and manners C genteel 3:
4 harsh or corrosive in tone D mellifluous 4:
5 based on pretense; deceptively pleasing E specious 5:

 

Crossword Challenge
1 2 Across:
4: ready and willing to be taught(6)
5: spread or diffuse through(8)
6: contrary to or forbidden by law(7)
8: extremely sharp or intense(5)

Down:
1: imaginary or visionary theorization(8)
2: a religious doctrine that is proclaimed as true without proof(5)
3: the pursuit of pleasure as a matter of ethical principle(8)
5: having or showing or expressing reverence for a deity(5)
7: an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose(6)
3 4
5
6 7
8

 

Engligh Language Trivia

get down to brass tacks
When people get down to brass tacks, they start to discuss the essential aspects of a problem or situation. "The situation was so serious that after a few polite exchanges they quickly got down to brass tacks"

Did you know? - Study of algae is called "algology."

 

Recent Words Learned: supercilious, deprecate, incense, genteel, docile, bequest, bastion, patent, impetuous, indiscrete, indulgent, cadence, abject, petulant, enervate, maxim, reclusive, abstruse, gesticulate, animosity

Answer to Synonyms Matching in worksheet 43: 1:D 2:A 3:C 4:B 5:E
Answer to Antonyms Matching in worksheet 43: 1:D 2:B 3:E 4:C 5:A
Answer to Definitions Matching in worksheet 43: 1:E 2:C 3:A 4:D 5:B
Answer to Crossword in worksheet 43: Across: 5: exalt, 6: portent, 7: abstruse, 8: pervade Down: 1: usurp, 2: zealous, 3: malinger, 4: bereaved

 

Elementary Vocabulary - Worksheet #6

 

Review of some of the past words
Word Meaning
distant (adj) 1: separated in space;
blunder (n) 1: an embarrassing mistake, (v) 1: commit a faux pas or a fault or make a serious mistake;
compassion (n) 1: a deep awareness of and sympathy for another's suffering;
visual (adj) 1: relating to or using sight;
fatigue (n) 1: temporary loss of strength and energy resulting from hard physical or mental work; , (v) 1: get tired of something or somebody 2: exhaust or get tired through overuse or great strain or stress;
Noble (n) 1: a titled peer of the realm, (adj) 1: impressive in appearance;
wonder (n) 1: the feeling aroused by something strange and surprising 2: something that causes feelings of wonder; 3: a state in which you want to learn more about something, (v) 1: have a wish or desire to know something;
vacate (v) 1: leave (a job, post, or position) voluntarily;
fiction (n) 1: a literary work based on the imagination and not necessarily on fact;
invest (v) 1: make an investment; 3: furnish with power or authority; of kings or emperors
opinion (n) 1: a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty;
fortunate (adj) 1: having unexpected good fortune;
pledge (n) 1: a deposit of personal property as security for a debt; 2: someone accepted for membership but not yet fully admitted to the group 3: a drink in honor of or to the health of a person or event, (v) 1: promise solemnly and formally;
ally (n) 1: a friendly nation 2: an associate who provides assistance; , (v) 1: become an ally or associate, as by a treaty or marriage;
initial (n) 1: the first letter of a word (especially a person's name); , (v) 1: mark with one's initials, (adj) 1: occurring at the beginning;
cradle (n) 1: a baby bed with sides and rockers; , (v) 1: hold gently and carefully;
endanger (v) 1: pose a threat to; present a danger to; 2: put in a dangerous, disadvantageous, or difficult position

 

Today's Vocabulary Challenges

*** Answers will be in the next worksheet of this level ***

 

Match Synonyms

Match Antonyms

1 wonder A weariness 1: 1 opinion A disinterest 1:
2 invest B baronial 2: 2 wonder B fact 2:
3 pledge C commit 3: 3 Noble C close 3:
4 initial D first 4: 4 initial D lowborn 4:
5 endanger E menace 5: 5 invest E last 5:
6 opinion F judgment 6: 6 distant F divest 6:
7 Noble G question 7: 7 G 7:
8 fatigue H drink 8: 8 H 8:
9 vacate I revoke 9: 9 I 9:

 

Match Definitions

1 mark with one's initials A fortunate 1:
2 a deposit of personal property as security for a debt B pledge 2:
3 exhaust or get tired through overuse or great strain or stress C vacate 3:
4 supremely favored or fortunate D fiction 4:
5 a belief or sentiment shared by most people; the voice of the people E Noble 5:
6 a deliberately false or improbable account F compassion 6:
7 a deep awareness of and sympathy for another's suffering G opinion 7:
8 leave behind empty; move out of H fatigue 8:
9 impressive in appearance I initial 9:

 

Crossword Challenge
Across:
2: propose a toast to(6)
4: separated in space(7)
8: become an ally or associate, as by a treaty or marriage(4)
9: a message expressing a belief about something; the expression of a belief that is held with confidence but not substantiated by positive knowledge or proof(7)

Down:
1: a deliberately false or improbable account(7)
3: pose a threat to; present a danger to(8)
5: impressive in appearance(5)
6: make an investment(6)
7: relating to or using sight(6)
1 2 3
4
5 6 7 8
9

 

Recent Words Learned: blunder, compassion, Noble, pledge, opinion, vacate, wonder, fortunate, endanger, cradle, initial, distant, visual, invest, fiction, fatigue, ally

Answer to Synonyms Matching in worksheet 5: 1:D 2:A 3:B 4:E 5:C
Answer to Antonyms Matching in worksheet 5: 1:B 2:A 3:C 4:E 5:D
Answer to Definitions Matching in worksheet 5: 1:D 2:A 3:B 4:C 5:E
Answer to Crossword in worksheet 5: Across: 5: fiction, 7: ally, 8: fatigue, 9: blunder Down: 1: distant, 2: vacate, 3: endanger, 4: Noble, 6: initial